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Oil and Gas Products

Jet Fuel

JET FUEL, AVIATION TURBINE FUEL (ATF), OR AVTUR

A type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.
It is colourless to straw-colored in appearance. The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1, which are produced to a standardized international specification.
The only other jet fuel commonly used in civilian turbine-engine powered aviation is Jet B, which is used for its enhanced cold-weather performance.
Take a look below to learn more about these different types of Jet Fuel that is available. Please feel free to Contact Us if you have any questions or would like our consultation services.

D2 Gasoil

D2 IS A REFINERY ABBREVIATION FOR GASOIL
D2 diesel fuel is the broad category for the second distillate of crude oil. Ultra-low sulfur grades of D2, such as GOST 305-82, reduce sulfur content to a maximum of 0.02 percent and reduce sulfur pollution emissions.
This type of fuel can be used without additives or reformers. It is the second distillate from the crude, and can be used without reformers and additives. So, the first engines used D2 as fuel -D2 is primarily used as fuel in cars.

D6 Diesel Bunker Fuel

D6 IS ALSO BE KNOWN AS RESIDUAL FUEL OIL

Number 6 fuel oil is a high-viscosity residual oil requiring preheating to 220 – 260 °F (104 – 127 °C).This particular fuel oil requires preheating to 220 – 260 Degrees Fahrenheit. D6 is mostly used for generators.

Recent changes in fuel quality regulation now require further refining of the D6 in order to remove the sulfur, which leads to a higher cost. Despite this recent change, D6 is still less useful because of its viscosity as well as that it needs to be pre-heated before it can be used and contains high amounts of pollutants, such as sulfur. Since it requires pre-heating, it cannot be used in small ships or boats or cars. However large ships and power plants can use the residual fuel oil.

Fuel Oil

Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. In general terms, fuel oil is any liquid fuel that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat or used in an engine for the generation of power, except oils having a flash point of approximately 42 °C (108 °F) and oils burned in cotton or wool-wick burners. Fuel oil is made of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes and aromatics. The term fuel oil is also used in a stricter sense to refer only to the heaviest commercial fuel that can be obtained from crude oil, i.e., heavier than gasoline and naphtha.

IFO 380
Intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 380 centistokes
(<3.5% sulphur)
IFO 180
Intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 180 centistokes
(<3.5% sulphur)
LS 380
Low-sulphur (<1.0%) intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 380 centistokes
LS 180
Low-sulphur (<1.0%) intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 180 centistokes

Crude Oil

Crude oil is a naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits and other organic materials. A type of fossil fuel, crude oil can be refined to produce usable products such as gasoline, diesel and various forms of petrochemicals. It is a nonrenewable resource, which means that it can’t be replaced naturally.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

Liquefied petroleum gas are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles. It is a widely used alternative fuel. It has substantial reserves due to its dual origins from natural gas processing and crude oil refining. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) powered passenger cars have about 10% lower tailpipe CO2 emission than comparable gasoline powered cars. When compared to a diesel car, there is no significant CO2 emission reduction per km driven; however, LPG powered vehicles do have substantially lower NOx emissions than diesel powered vehicles.

Liquefied Natural Gas

LNG is liquefied natural gas, a clear, colorless, non-toxic liquid .Hazards include flammability after vaporization into a gaseous state, freezing and asphyxia. The liquefaction process involves removal of certain components, such as dust, acid gases, helium, water, and heavy hydrocarbons, which could cause difficulty downstream.

The natural gas is then condensed into a liquid at close to atmospheric pressure by cooling it to approximately −162 °C (−260 °F); This shrinks the volume of the gas 600 times, making it easier to store and ship to energy-hungry towns and cities overseas.

Petroleum Coke (PETCOKE)

Petcoke is the coke that, in particular, derives from a final cracking process—a thermo-based chemical engineering process that splits long chain hydrocarbons of petroleum into shorter chains—that takes place in units termed coker units.

Bitumen (Asphalt)

Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product, and is classed as a pitch.

Naphtha

Petroleum Naphtha is an intermediate hydrocarbon liquid stream derived from the refining of crude oil with CAS-no 64742-48-9. It is most usually desulfurized and then catalytically reformed, which rearranges or restructures the hydrocarbon molecules in the naphtha as well as breaking some of the molecules into smaller molecules to produce a high-octane component of gasoline (or petrol).

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